Intel Pentium Pro CPU introduced in 1995 was the first processor with P6 architecture. A lot of time has passed since then. New CPU generations replaced the older ones, however, the essence of the CPU architecture remained unchanged. All the processor families, such as Pentium II, Pentium III and Celeron, were based on the same core and differed only by the core size, L2 cache implementation and the presence of SSE instructions, which was characteristic of Pentium III CPU. Of course, this couldn't last for ever, and P6 architecture had to become obsolete one day. Surely, it is not the hardships Intel faced when trying to further increase its CPU clock frequencies and not the competition with AMD that matter here that much. Certainly, we wouldn't deny that Intel had some problems as soon as its Pentium III CPU reached 1GHz border: if you remember Intel had to call back its Pentium 1.13GHz because of its great instability. Unfortunately, further CPU working frequency increase doesn't provide significant performance growth any more. The problem lies with the higher latencies in P6, which turn up when different CPU subunits are requested. This was one of the reasons that pushed Intel towards Pentium 4 development. So, the recently announced Pentium 4 CPU is a totally new processor, which has hardly anything in common with its predecessors. It is based on a new type of architecture aka NetBurst. NetBurst can boast a number of interesting innovations ensuring huge speed potential and the possibility to easily increase the working frequencies for the future Pentium 4 CPUs. Among the major technologies implemented in NetBurst Architecture, we would like to mention the following:Hyper Pipelined Technology. Enlarged set of instructions for data stream processing.400MHz System Bus. What did Intel aim at with a deeper pipeline like that? Due to the fact that the execution of each command is divided into smaller parts, which appear easier and faster to execute than the entire command, nothing prevents the developers from rising the CPU frequency. If the today's 0.18 micron technology allows achieving only 1GHz for Pentium III processor (or 1.13GHz if you want to sound more optimistic), the future Pentium 4 processors will be able to support up to 2GHz working frequency. However, a deeper pipeline isn't free from its drawbacks. The first one is evident: since there are more stages to execute before the operation is completed, the overall time required for each operation increases. That's why in order to make sure that younger Pentium 4 models prove faster than the elder Pentium III CPUs, Intel starts its new processor family at 1.4GHz. Like any other modern CPU, Pentium 4 is capable of executing instructions in succession as well as in parallel. In the latter case the instructions do not always follow the order they are listed in the program and the branches aren't always correctly predicted. In order to choose the right branch for further execution the CPU predicts the results judging by the collected stats. However, if the processor mis predicts a branch, all the speculatively executed instructions must be flushed from the processor pipeline in order to restart the instruction execution down the correct program branch. On more deeply pipelined designs, more instructions must be flushed from the pipeline, resulting in a longer recovery time from a branch mis predict. All these enhancements were implemented in an Advanced Dynamic Execution engine. Intel provided a very large window of instructions for out of order execution and enhanced the branch prediction capability that allowed the Pentium 4 processor to be more accurate in predicting program branches. the much smaller window of 42 instructions typical of Pentium III architecture, for instance. The approach is totally different. The instructions are no longer stored in L1 cache: it is intended solely for data. In other words, they are not the regular x86 instructions, but the so called micro operations the processor core manipulates. Since it is a relatively simply organized unit, Intel managed to make it run at two times the frequency of the processor core. So, the ALU of a 1.4GHz Pentium 4 CPU works at 2.8GHz. ALUs execute simple integer instructions, therefore the new CPU should prove just perfect in integer operations. In particular, Pentium 4 1.4GHz spends only 0.35ns to execute an "add" like instruction. However, with its Pentium 4 processor Intel decided not to focus on a simple enhancement of its FPU, but just enlarged the SSE instructions set. As a result, Pentium 4 features an extended SSE2 instructions set including 70 older instructions and 144 newer ones. And the instruction set got so much extended because the operations with 128bit registers can now be executed not only with four number sets of single precision real numbers, but also with pairs of dual precision real numbers, with 16 single byte integers, with 8 short dual byte integers, with 4 four byte integers, with 2 eight byte long integers or with 16 byte integers. In other words, the today's symbiosis of MMX and SSE, SSE2, allows operating all sorts of data fitting into 128bit registers. So, SSE2 is much more flexible and allows achieving an incredible performance gain. However, the applications should be optimized specifically for SSE2 that's why it will hardly find wide application right after the new CPU is launched. SSE2 definitely has a very promising future. However, Pentium 4 processor based on Willamette core has only 8KB L1 cache, which is quite a small one even compared to the 16KB data sector of the Pentium III L1 cache. However, Intel had nothing to do and was simply forced to make it so small because of the relatively large Pentium 4 die. They used a new algorithm for accessing the L1 cache. As a result, its latency got down to 2 processor clocks vs 3 clocks by Pentium III. It can boast a wide 256bit bus and hence a higher cache bus bandwidth than AMD Athlon processors, which use a 64bit cache bus. That's why Intel doubled the data path between the Level 2 cache and the processor core. This enhancement was possible only due the fact that the data is transferred from Pentium 4 L2 cache on each core clock, while in case of Pentium III, the data is transferred only on each second core clock. As a result, a 1.4GHz Pentium 4 processor can deliver a data transfer rate of 44.8GB/s (32bytes x 1 (data transfer per clock) x 1.4GHz = 44.8GB/s). Besides, it also has 128byte cache line, while Pentium III has a 32byte cache line only. Pentium 4 will fit into a Socket423 with 423 pins, which will be of a slightly different size than the regular Socket A and Socket370. Since the die size is considerably big, the heat dissipation will be quite high. In particular, Pentium 4 1.4 GHz working at 1.7V and consuming about 32A will dissipate about 52W of heat (1.5GHz Pentium 4 version dissipates about 55W). That's why Pentium 4 coolers should be also quite large and should feature bigger cooling surface. If purchased in 1000 piece quantities, Pentium 4 is expected to sell at $819 for a 1.5GHz model and $644 for a 1.4GHz model. Pentium 4 1.3GHz, which is due on 29 January 2001, will sell at $409. Intel is planning to pursue a pretty aggressive pricing policy and to reduce the processor cost greatly in order to make it affordable for mainstream desktops. 20 November10 December29 JanuaryPentium 4 1.5GHz$819$819$644Pentium 4 1.4GHz$644$574$440Pentium 4 1.3GHz $409Chipset and System BusSince Pentium 4 is based on a totally new architecture, it requires a new chipset to support it. Its bandwidth is three times higher than the bandwidth of the Pentium III processor bus and makes 3.2GB/sec. This helps to reduce the CPU idling while waiting for the new data sets to arrive. This high speed bus is physically implemented by simple multiplication of the base frequency (which makes 100MHz for Pentium 4) by 4 in the processor bus controllers for the chipset and the CPU. So, when working on a chipset for its upcoming offspring, Intel decided to adapt i840 chipset supporting two Direct RDRAM channels for this purpose. Certainly, the No 1 disadvantage is the crazily high price of this memory type. However, if we look at the dual channel RDRAM from the technological point of view, its use in Pentium 4 systems will seem quite justified, we should say. Unfortunately, the alternative DDR SDRAM featuring similar memory bandwidth will appear only by the end of next year. But we have to stress that RDRAM looks good only in case of data stream processing. If the application requires non sequential data access, RDRAM latency appears so high, that DDR or even SDR SDRAM turn out a much better alternative. And MCH Intel 82850 stands for the North Bridge. Besides, Pentium 4 mainboards should have a 6 layer PCB, which makes their manufacturing pretty complicated and expensive, too. That's why only a limited number of mainboard manufacturers expressed their intention to introduce products for Socket423. There will be only 8 mainboard manufacturers to offer their Pentium 4 products in the nearest future. Here is a brief description of some already announced boards: MainboardChipsetForm FactorRIMMAGPPCICNRNotesAOpen AX4Ti850ATX4AGP Pro51 ASUS P4Ti850ATX4AGP Pro50CPU overclocking featuresGigabyte GA 8TXi850ATX4AGP Pro51Integrated Creative CT5880 soundIntel D850GBi850ATX4AGP Pro51 MSI MS 6339i850ATX4151 As you can see from the table above, all Pentium 4 mainboards are very much like one another: they all feature 4 RIMM slots and 5 PCI slots. There are two major reasons for this third "must":Firstly, all Pentium 4 coolers have very big heatsinks weighing up to 450g, so that you won't be able to fasten them to the processor socket any more. There will be a special retention mechanism for these coolers, which will be fastened to the PC case with the help of four large bolts directly to the case. It means that you case should have the corresponding mounting holes. Nike Roshe Run Woven Women New Green White ,Nike Roshe PRM Men Anthracite Grey Blue Glow Sail White Women Nike Free Run 2 Grey White Blue Women Nike Free Run 2 Pink White Orange Red Quilted Nike Roshe Run Women New Green White Quilted Women Nike Free 4.0 Dark Grey Reflect Silver Fireberry Women Nike Free Run 3 Wolf Grey Green Nike Roshe Run Wolf Grey Carton Green Nike Roshe Run Woven Men Rainbow Nike Roshe Run PRM Men Blue Glow Volt White It's officially marathon season, and many of you will be running your first marathon. Others will be embarking on yet another marathon, with all of the tips and tricks in their pockets already. New running shoes feel so good, so it's quite tempting to purchase a pair of brand new running shoes for your upcoming marathon. It may seem counterintuitive, but don't do it. Run, screaming, from that idea. It's likely a recipe for blisters or other injuries. Instead, break in your new pair of shoes with shorter runs first; put in some mileage on your new babies before you do the 26.2, ideally one or two 10 milers with some shorter runs mixed in. Of course, it's not wise to run in particularly old shoes, either. On average, running shoes need replacing when you've logged between 300 and 500 miles in them. If you haven't already, it's a good practice to track the mileage on your running shoes. Most runners can feel when their shoes are getting worn not necessarily from the lack of cusion but rather from previously unnoticed slight pains in ankles, legs, or knees. Indeed, injuries are more likely to occur if your shoes are too old or worn to provide enough support. One trick some runners employ, myself included, is to alternate between two pairs of shoes. This allows the cushioning to recover on one pair, especially after a wet or long run. Just remember to track mileage on both pairs. When purchasing new running shoes shortly before a marathon or long race, stay with the model that you've been using with success. Now is not the time to switch. Indeed, if you've been running without injury in a certain model, it's best to stick with it; if it ain't broke, don't fix it. Many running stores, Baltimore's own Charm City Run included, offer a 10% discount on new shoes when you turn in your old shoes, which they donate to charity. Good luck to all fall marathoners, whatever shoes you wear!Outdoor exercise tips: What to wear for cold weather workoutsWhen there is a chill in the air, it's easy to think you'd be better off to put in a workout DVD, take your daily walk indoors at the local mall, or better yet, skip it all together. But as long. Tips for moving houseplants from outdoors to indoorsMany gardeners keep their houseplants outside during the summer and move them inside for the winter. Typically this is a good strategy but with moving plants in during the winter the plants. Nike Roshe Run Woven Women New Green White,The Devil is within the Information Just about every female would like prom night time to get good. Whether or not its a great night out with excellent friends, or a romantic evening with your personalized Prince Charming, we ladies want our prom evening for being "appropriate" from start to conclude, and top to bottom. Should you're browsing this, you most likely definitely hold the good prom gown. When you really don't, check out this fantastic posting, Prom Dress Suggestions, full with inbound links to buy. Should you do, then all you might be lacking will be the accesories to flip a gown right into a "glance." Accessories, like the fantastic footwear, bag and jewellery, can absolutely make the outfit. And, but if your man desires somewhat sprucing up very, there's a couple of issues for him beneath, as well. Following all, your day will be the one particular accessory you may't alter with the previous minute! lol! Shoes! Gorgeous Glittery Amazing Shoes! Its the only point I'm definitely "girly" about. (Well, that and I detest spiders so you ought to check with me about automobiles like I'm five. but aside from that, its the footwear.) And, on prom evening, the proper shoe is in excess of a finishing vogue contact, its a necessity! Not only can a shoe finish an outfit, it may alter it. You can go from funky to fancy purely by transforming what's on your ft. Photograph your preferred casual outfit. individuals attractive jeans and that just right leading. Now, how does it seem if you wear it w/ Chucks? With stillettos? With those fab excessive heeled boots? The identical holds genuine for a formal robe. Dress it up, costume it down, or allow it to be funky. Prom shoe colour selections can have an actual vary this yr. a hot pink shoe for a pale pink gown. as lengthy as their inside the same color loved ones.) Metallics are scorching this year far too, and therefore are a perfect alternative to get a particular celebration like prom. With all the 80's throwbacks we're seeing this 12 months, you could possibly even go with clear high heels. reminiscent of jellies, but which has a sexy, major lady heel. (Not to mention, which they go with nearly anything. So, not only will they match any prom gown, they'll have the option to stay with you for years to come.) Should you'd quite pick a shoe that could stick round into your foreseeable future formal gatherings (and, now that you just're becoming an adult, these will arrive round over you'd assume) decide on a neutral (WAY scorching on the runways this twelve months!) or possibly a standard black, white or cream. If you will be totally type A, and any sort of mix and match will generate you up a wall, go for any dyeable formal shoe. They're commonly reasonably priced, and you are able to dye them your self in your house which has a dye kit from a nearby craft shop, or you are able to bring them to any shoe repair shop, in addition to a gown swatch (or your bag, or another merchandise you select) and have them match the coloring to a "T". A ultimate phrase on formal prom costume shoes: Really don't be afraid to spend somewhat additional dollars. You will be in your toes all night, and if you will be uncomfortable by the second boogie, it is going to seriously placed a cramp in your own (albeit fashionable) model. Formal handbags usually set my mind right into a total spin. If they're small enough to be "cute" you may't match anything in side. If they're big adequate to fit everything you need, they'll inevitably be uncomfortable to hold. I acquired collected about 25 evening handbags with the time I used to be as outdated, and received most likely only been to 15 formal activities! I'd get so disappointed with every buy, that I would wind up buying a fresh bag ahead of the major day time even hit. Right here's a number of things I've discovered around the years. Check out the sizing: Go through a speedy mental guidelines of your things you'll be able to't do with out (and that your day won't carry to suit your needs in his pocket) and ensure they suit. [mobile phone, lip gloss, tiny comb or brush, get in touch with scenario, and so forth.] Go for your bodily clasp: Quite a few sweet little formal handbags have magnetic clasps. Until the magnets are seriously strong, they will not keep whenever you make an effort to jam in that very last little merchandise you forgot about if you performed "Stage one." Contemplate exactly where you will be, and in which it is possible to keep your bag: In case you'll feel safe leaving your bag to the table, sense no cost to go to get a attractive minor clutch. If, nevertheless, you can desire to maintain your bag with you, go for any "wristlet." (A wristlet has a tiny little band on it that you'll be able to slip approximately your wrist. say whilst your dancing therefore you'd rather have your keeping some thing aside from your purse.) Go for a shade that could work for numerous occasions: Formal luggage do the job fantastic as accents. Don't experience that you choose to have to match your costume. As an alternative, go for metallics or neutral colours. You'll definitely require an evening bag inside the foreseeable future, and bags get these kinds of small use they can very last virtually eternally. Prince Charming or not so much Needless to say I'm joking when I propose you gown up your prom date like some living sized Ken doll. But, some guys just definitely, GENUINELY detest to store. And, you might be accomplishing him an enormous favor by pointing him from the appropriate path. I wouldn't recommend tackling him and dressing him in your individual taste, or, lets say, insisting he put on a vest or cumberbun within the actual shade of pink as the a flower arrangement in you hair. We would like this evening to be enjoyable for both equally of you. But, when you sense he is hedging on how specifically to go about renting a tux, or in which to purchase an excellent pair of shoes, a gentle nudge could possibly in fact be a relief. Just tread lightly. and, inside the end, keep in mind he's who you need to expend this great evening with. An argument above the suitable colored tie is not price a ruined prom.
Buy Authentic Nike Roshe Run Woven Women New Green White,Women Nike Free Run 3 Pure Platinum Reflect Silver Volt At one time, every major rap album had to contain at least one track where the rapper recounted, in extreme detail and in first person, a boastful yet grossly implausible tale involving himself and perhaps his crew. Many believe the mid 80s to the mid 90s was the golden era of rap music storytelling. This era ended in 1994, with Nate Dogg and Warren G's "Regulate," a song that details, among other events, . The medium's credibility was never regained, causing many of us to cast a skeptical eye on tales such as . The very first time mainstream America heard from future worldwide superstar Will Smith was the 1988 single "Parents Just Don't Understand," back when Smith was going by The Fresh Prince. It's a bouncy, radio friendly, lighthearted tale told from the point of view of a teenager that, partway through, takes a turn for the nightmarish. The second verse, which depicts at least one felony that Smith was apparently never even indicted for, begins with Smith "borrowing" his parents' car while they're away. Then he finds a girl: That's when I saw this beautiful girlie girl walking I picked up my car phone to perpetrate like I was talking You should've seen this girl's bodily dimensions I honked my horn just to get her attention Above: What all women want. Forever. She likes the Porsche and climbs in, then immediately starts desperately trying to seduce him: She kicked her shoes off onto the floor She said, "Drive fast, speed turns me on" She put her hand on my knee, I put my foot on the gas This girl's hand was steadily moving up my thigh She had opened up three buttons on her shirt so far At best, his eyes are on the road a third of the time. At this point he's going so fast he attracts the attention of the police, which is a problem since he doesn't have license. And then: I almost had a heart attack that day Come to find out the girl was a 12 year old runaway What. The. Fucking. Fuck. Motherfucker. She's 12? Let's review. Will Smith, future international superstar and Oscar nominee, says, "You should've seen this girl's bodily dimensions," about a middle school child. A child who says, "Drive fast, speed turns me on" before moving her hand toward his dick. Finally, she seduces him by unbuttoning the top three buttons on her shirt to reveal her cleavage. Her 12 year old cleavage. Daaamn, girl, you're lookin' fine! I was arrested, the car was impounded There was no way for me to avoid being grounded During this whole sequence, a confused Smith seems to think the problem is that he doesn't have a license. No, Will, the problem is that you just abducted a child off the street with the intention of molesting her. Nike Roshe Run Woven Women New Green White Time now for the five things you need to know before you go today 5) We been waiting for this for a long time new Target store in ABQ Uptown is set to open in just a few hours. The store is right by Uptown and Windrock mall on Louisiana. It open this morning at 8. The Grand Opening is scheduled for this Sunday check it out! 4) If you struggling to keep up with your mortgage then go get some free foreclosure help this morning in Albuquerque from 10 to one. Just head to the Downtown Courthouse which is off 4th and Lomas. Make sure to take any paperwork you have and get there early on a first come, first serve basis. 3) If you enjoyed the weather yesterday then you love today! It be mostly cloudy this morning, then gradually becoming sunny, with a high near 68. There will be a Southeast wind 5 to 15 mph becoming Southwest in the afternoon. Tonight will be mostly clear, with a low around 40, and a South wind 5 to 10 mph. 2) Should a man who killed a cop in Albuquerque 30 years ago walk out of prison? That what a parole board will start deciding today for Joel Lee Compton. He shot and killed Officer Gerald Cline in 1983 and was sentenced to death but then had it commuted to life in prison. The parole board should decide what happens to Compton on Friday. 1) One man is dead, another on the run, and a woman in jail. That all after a big standoff in Northeast Albuquerque last night. Police shot and killed the man on Menaul near Louisiana after they say he pointed a gun at officers over and over again. Police still have that intersection blocked off so avoid the area this morning and keep it on News 13 and check our homepage for updates throughout the day.
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